Macro nutrients #1
Hi guys, just going to tell you a little bit about one of my favourite macronutrients and give you a general overview of the importance of this and how contributes to achieving goals.
What are they?
Carbohydrates are one of three macronutrients. All three of these macronutrients form a large part of our diet, the other two being fats and protein.
Carbohydrates are found in fruits, vegetables, grains and some dairy products. The Carbohydrates found in these are starches, fibres and sugars.
Starches- starchy foods are a source of energy for the body. They make up a lot of the nutrients in our diet such as iron and B vitamin.
Fibres- fibres come only from plant based foods. It can help reduce the amount of cholesterol in our blood stream. Also eating fibrous foods such as fruit and vegetables can help ease the constipation so get eating guys.
Sugars- Sugars are a source of energy for the brain and red blood cells. Sugars are digested quickly and easily broken down into glucose, this is then used for energy.
Why do we need them?
We need carbohydrates because they are a source of energy for the body. So when you guys are in the gym, working out and being active you need to take into consideration where your getting your energy sources from so that you smash those workouts.
When the carbohydrates have been consumed your body converts them into glucose, which is also known as sugar. After this process glucose is used to fuel cells throughout the body.
Types of carbohydrates
Complex starchy carbohydrates
Complex carbohydrates include:
Before (unrefined) After (refined)
Brown Rice White Rice
Wholemeal flour White Flour
Once the carbohydrate has been refined it is not as healthy as it was before hand. It loses its complex structure and the properties that made it healthy.
Complex Fibrous carbohydrates
Most vegetables are complex fibrous carbohydrates. These are all a high source of vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals. A lot of the time you can find numerous amounts of vitamins and minerals coming from green vegetables. Fibrous carbohydrates are very low in calories and can often be eaten in large amounts at a time.
Fibrous Carbohydrates that are full of fibre pass straight through the gut and won’t be absorbed. They maintain a healthy digestive system keeping everything running clean as it passes through.
GOOD CARBOHYDRATES BAD CARBOHYDRATES
Vegetables White bread
Fruit White rice
Legumes Fizzy drinks
Oats White pasta
Beans Sugary cereals
Brown Rice Refined sugars
Whole grain pasta
Whole grain bread